STCW Sözleşmesine değişiklikler
Filipinler Manila da 21-25 Haziran tarihlerinde yapılacak STCW konferansında değişiklikler gündemi oluşturuyor Üzerinde en çok durulan hususlar özetle  ILO çalışma ve dinlenme saatleri,  alkol ve uyuşturucu kullanımının önlenmesi ve gemiadamlarının sağlık standartlarının yükseltilmesi konularıdır.Ayrıca yakında yürürlüğe girecek olan ECDIS egitim gerekleri ve deniz çevresinin korunması ile ilgili gereklerin tüm mürettebatın eğitim alması ,elektrik teknisyenlerinin yeni eğitim ve belgelendirilmesi ,tanker ve sıvılastırılmış gas tankerlerinde çalışanların yeterlilik gereklerinin güncellenmesi,korsan saldırılarına karşı  güvenlik eğitimi,web esaslı eğitim ve uzaktan eğitimi konuları,buzulların erimesi ile yeni açılmakta olan kutup bölgesi taşımacığında işletilen gemilerin personelinin eğilmesi,açık deniz ikmal gemilerindeki personelin eğitilmesi gibi konularda değişikliklergündemin konusudur.
Haberin girildiği tarih 21.06.2010 10:24


Goal-based standards for new ship construction set to be adopted by IMO Maritime Safety meeting
 12 May 2010
International goal-based standards for new ship construction are set to be adopted when IMO's Maritime Safety Committee (MSC) meets at the Organization's London Headquarters for its 87th session from 12 to 20 May 2010. The packed agenda also includes discussion on piracy and armed robbery against ships off the coast of Somalia and in the Gulf of Aden, the implementation of the Long-Range Identification and Tracking (LRIT) system, and the adoption of other amendments to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS).
Adoption of goal-based standards
The MSC is expected to consider, with a view to adoption, the draft International Goal based Ship Construction Standards for Bulk Carriers and Oil Tankers, along with proposed amendments to SOLAS Chapter II-1 making their application mandatory, following their approval at the last session.
The proposed SOLAS regulation II-1/3-10 on Goal-based ship construction standards for bulk carriers and oil tankers would apply to oil tankers and bulk carriers of 150 m in length and above. It would require new ships to be designed and constructed for a specified design life and to be safe and environmentally friendly, in intact and specified damage conditions, throughout their life. The ship should have adequate strength, integrity and stability to minimize the risk of loss of the ship or pollution to the marine environment due to structural failure, including collapse, resulting in flooding or loss of watertight integrity.
The MSC is also expected to consider for adoption the Guidelines for verification of conformity with goal-based ship construction standards for bulk carriers and oil tankers and the Guidelines for the information to be included in a Ship Construction File.
The goal-based standards have been developed on the basis of a five-tier system, consisting of goals (Tier I), functional requirements (Tier II), verification of conformity (Tier III), rules and regulations for ship design and construction (Tier IV) and industry practices and standards (Tier V). The proposed goal-based standards reflect tiers I to III.
Other amendments
The MSC will also consider for adoption:
Life-saving appliances

" A draft amendment to SOLAS regulation III/1 to require lifeboat on-load release mechanisms not complying with new International Life-Saving Appliances (LSA) Code requirements, to be replaced no later than the next scheduled dry-docking of the ship, following entry into force of the SOLAS amendments, together with related amendments to the LSA Code and the Recommendation on testing of LSA, which require safer design of on-load release mechanisms.
Corrosion of oil tanks
" A new draft SOLAS regulation II-1/3-11 on Corrosion protection of cargo oil tanks of crude oil tankers, to require all such tanks to be protected against corrosion. The MSC is also expected to approve the related Performance standard for protective coatings for cargo oil tanks of crude oil tankers and Performance standard for alternative means of corrosion protection for cargo oil tanks of crude oil tankers; as well as Guidelines on procedures for in-service maintenance and repair of coating systems for cargo oil tanks of crude oil tankers.
Fire protection
" Draft amendments to SOLAS regulation II-2/4.5.7 on Gas measurement and detection, to require fixed hydrocarbon gas detection systems to be installed in ballast tanks and void spaces adjacent to cargo tanks located outside the oil tanker's cargo block area, such as forepeak tanks, and a new related draft chapter 16 to the International Code for Fire Safety Systems (FSS Code), to give the specifications for fixed hydrocarbon gas detection systems; and
" Amendments to SOLAS regulation II-2/7.4.1 to add a new sub-paragraph to require a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system to be installed "in enclosed spaces containing incinerators", as well as in specified machinery spaces, as well as draft amendments to the FSS Code to replace the existing chapter 10 (Sample extraction smoke detection systems), with updated and revised sections.
Piracy and armed robbery against ships
The MSC will review the latest statistics on piracy and armed robbery against ships, in particular in relation to the situation off the coast of Somalia and in the Gulf of Aden, where ships continue to be attacked and hijacked, despite the concerted efforts of the international community, spearheaded by IMO, navies and the industry, to protect shipping. The Committee will be updated on measures taken by IMO to assist States in implementing the Djibouti Code of Conduct concerning the repression of piracy and armed robbery against ships in the Western Indian Ocean and the Gulf of Aden.
The Committee is also expected to consider the development of advice and guidance to flag States on any measures or actions necessary to ensure that any attacked or hijacked ship entitled to fly their flag, and its shipboard personnel, continue to be fit to trade and work on board, respectively; and to establish, as necessary, plans and procedures to assist those who have been held hostage, when such assistance is requested.
It is expected that the Committee will also be invited to consider the possible establishment of a facility at IMO for the purpose of providing LRIT information to security forces operating in waters of the Gulf of Aden and the Western Indian Ocean to aid their work in combating piracy and armed robbery against ships, bearing in mind the invaluable service that they provide to the maritime community and the shipping industry.
A proposed draft MSC resolution on Promulgation of Navigational Warnings concerning counter-piracy operations will be considered for adoption.
LRIT-related matters
The MSC is expected to review the status with regard to the establishment of the global LRIT system and will be invited to consider the designation of a permanent International Data Exchange.
The report of the eighth meeting of the Ad Hoc LRIT Group, the results of the first audit of the LRIT Data Centres and issues concerning the LRIT system's production phase, will also be reviewed.
Implementation of the revised STCW Convention
The list of Parties deemed to be giving full and complete effect to the provisions of the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW) 1978, as amended, is expected to be updated when the Secretary-General submits his report on those countries whose independent evaluations have been completed since the previous MSC meeting.
Other issues
The MSC will consider other issues arising from the reports of Sub-Committees and other bodies, including the approval or adoption of:
" the draft International Code for the Application of Fire Test Procedures, 2010 (2010 FTP Code), which has been comprehensively revised to make the Code user friendly and enhance its uniform application;
" draft amendments to the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code (amendment 35-10), to include revisions to carriage provisions for specific goods, as well as a number of changes to provisions for dangerous goods packed in limited and excepted quantities, to include a new excepted quantities mark, and amendments to provisions relating to intermediate bulk containers, large packagings, portable tanks, multiple-element gas containers and road tank vehicles;
" draft amendments to the Code of Practice for the Safe Loading and Unloading of Bulk Carriers (BLU Code) and the Manual on Loading and Unloading of Solid Bulk Cargoes for Terminal Representatives, to update the two documents in view of the mandatory International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes (IMSBC) Code, which is expected to enter into force on 1 January 2011;
" the draft revised International SafetyNET Manual;
" draft Safety Recommendations for decked fishing vessels of less than 12 metres in length and undecked fishing vessels, for approval and concurrent endorsement by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO);
" draft Interim Guidelines for the construction and equipment of ships carrying natural gas hydrate pellets (NGHP) in bulk;
" draft Performance Standards for Bridge Alert Management; and
" a number of new and amended ships' routeing systems and mandatory ship reporting systems, already approved by the Sub-Committee on Safety of Navigation (NAV) at its 55th session in July 2009.

Source: IMO
Haberin girildiği tarih 12.05 2010 10:03



22 04 2010

Yeni baskı:

Global Maritime Distress and Safety System(GMDSS)Manual



17 .03.2010
Preview: Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) – 60th session: 22-26 March, 2010 
GHG emissions high on agenda at IMO environment meeting



 02.March 2010

Sub-Committee on Ship Design and Equipment (DE), 53rd session: 22 - 26 February 2010

Replacing unsafe lifeboat release mechanisms – guidelines agreed by Sub-Committee
Draft guidelines to ensure release mechanisms for lifeboats are replaced with those complying with new, stricter safety standards have been agreed by IMO’s Sub-Committee on Ship Design and Equipment (DE), 53rd session, in order to reduce the number of accidents involving lifeboats, particularly those which have occurred during drills or inspection.
The draft Guidelines for evaluation and replacement of lifeboat on-load release mechanisms will be submitted to the Maritime Safety Committee in May (MSC 87) for approval, alongside the anticipated adoption of amendments to the International Life-Saving Appliances (LSA) Code and the Recommendation on testing of LSA, which require safer design of on-load release mechanisms, as well as a related draft amendment to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), chapter III Life-saving appliances, which will require lifeboat on-load release mechanisms not complying with the new LSA Code requirements to be replaced no later than the next scheduled dry-docking of the ship following entry into force of the SOLAS amendments.
The Sub-Committee recommended that Administrations and shipowners be strongly urged to use the guidelines to evaluate existing lifeboat on-load release mechanisms at the earliest available opportunity, in advance of the entry into force of the new SOLAS and LSA Code amendments.
The Sub-Committee also agreed draft amendments to the Revised recommendation on testing of life-saving appliances concerning test procedures for lifeboat hooks, for adoption by MSC 87.
This new package of amendments and guidelines addressing lifeboat release mechanisms follows intensive work within the DE Sub-Committee and by the MSC, over a number of years, to address the significant number of serious injuries and fatalities which had been occurring during lifeboat drills and inspections.
Measures which have already been adopted/approved, to address the prevention of accidents involving lifeboats, include:
  • May 2004: MSC 78 adopts amendments to  SOLAS chapter III Regulation 19 (Emergency training and drills) and Regulation 20 (Operational readiness, maintenance and inspections), concerning the conditions in which lifeboat emergency training and drills should be conducted, which introduce changes to the operational tests to be conducted during weekly and monthly inspections, so as not to require the assigned crew to be on board in all cases (the amendments entered into force on 1 July 2006);
  • May 2006:  MSC 81 approves guidelines to implement the 2004 SOLAS amendments: Guidelines for periodic servicing and maintenance of lifeboats, launching appliances and on-load release gear and Guidelines on safety during abandon ship drills using lifeboats (MSC.1/Circ.1206; while MSC.1/Circ.1206/Rev.1, issued in 2009, updated the guidelines);
  • December 2006: MSC 82 amends SOLAS regulation III/ concerning provisions for the launch of free-fall lifeboats during abandon-ship drills, to allow, during such drills, for the lifeboat to either be free-fall launched with only the required operating crew on board, or lowered into the water by means of the secondary means of launching without the operating crew on board, and then manoeuvred in the water by the operating crew. Also, the LSA Code is amended to require safer design of on-load release mechanisms (hooks) of lifeboats (the amendments to SOLAS and the LSA Code entered into force on 1 July 2008);
  • May 2008: MSC 84 approves Interim recommendation on conditions for authorization of service providers for lifeboats, launching appliances and on-load release gear (MSC.1/Circ.1277); and
  • June 2009: MSC 86 approves Guidelines for the fitting and use of fall preventer devices (MSC.1/Circ.1327).





Sub-Committee on Standards of Training and Watchkeeping (STW), 40th session: 2-6 February 2009

Significant progress made with the comprehensive review of the STCW Convention
Significant progress was made with the comprehensive review of the STCW Convention and Code, when the Sub-Committee on Standards of Training and Watchkeeping (STW) met for its 40th session. Further work will continue at STW 41 in January 2010, with a view to adopting the amendments at a Diplomatic Conference of STCW Parties in the Philippines in June 2010.

The Sub-Committee prepared the preliminary draft text of:




chapter II Master and deck department, in particular, new or amended provisions relating to celestial navigation, ARPA and radar requirements, marine environment awareness training and VTS training;



chapter III Engine department, in particular, new or amended provisions relating to harmonization of near coastal requirements and marine environment awareness training;



chapters IV Radiocommunications and Radio Personnel and VII Alternative certification;



chapter VI Emergency, occupational safety, security, medical care and survival functions, in particular, new or amended requirements for maintaining professional competence in areas where training cannot be conducted on board and security training; and



chapter VIII Watchkeeping, in particular, relating to new or amended requirements for the prevention of drug and alcohol abuse; provisions for maintaining a safe anchor watch; bridge and engine room resource management and harmonization of hours of rest and work.

Significant progress was also made with the preparation of the preliminary draft text of chapter V Special training requirements for personnel on certain types of ships.

Enhancement of seafarers' awareness of counter-piracy measures
The Sub-Committee agreed that there was an urgent need to include appropriate provisions in the STCW Convention to ensure that seafarers are properly educated and trained to face situations when their ship is under attack by pirates. Member Governments and international organizations were invited to submit proposals for consideration to STW 41.

Review of the principles for establishing the safe manning levels of ships
The Sub-Committee approved a draft framework for determining minimum safe manning for inclusion in the draft revised resolution on Principles of safe manning (resolution A.890(21)).

The proposed draft framework, intended to assist Administrations and companies in determining minimum safe manning, is based on four main steps which would involve:

- submission from the company;

- evaluation by the Administration;
- maintenance of minimum safe manning; and
- compliance monitoring.

The Sub-Committee prepared a preliminary draft revised text of resolution A.890(21), which will be reviewed by the Sub-Committee on Safety of Navigation (NAV) at its 56th session in 2010, for consideration in relation to operational aspects.


IMO approves draft HNS Protocol aimed at bringing 1996 HNS Convention into effect

10 April 2009

The Legal Committee of the International Maritime Organization (IMO), meeting for its 95th session at IMO Headquarters in London, has approved a draft Protocol to the 1996 HNS Convention (the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea). The draft Protocol is designed to address practical problems that have prevented many States from ratifying the original Convention which despite being adopted in 1996, has, to date, only 13 ratifications and is some way from meeting the level of ratification that would trigger its entry into force .
The 1996 HNS Convention is based on the highly successful model of the Civil Liability and Fund Conventions. Like the regime introduced by the latter Conventiosn, it seeks to establish a two-tier system for compensation to be paid in the event of accidents at sea, in this case involving hazardous and noxious substances, such as chemicals. Tier one will be covered by compulsory insurance taken out by shipowners, who would be able to limit their liability; in those cases where the insurance does not cover an incident, or is insufficient to satisfy the claim, compensation shall be paid from a fund, made up of contributions from the receivers of HNS.
Contributions will be calculated according to the amount of HNS received in
each State in the preceding calendar year. However, among the obstacles that have discouraged ratification of the Convention, one of the most difficult to overcome has been the requirement for States to report the quantities of HNS received to IMO. This difficulty is due, in part, to the sheer range and diversity of hazardous and noxious
substances that will be governed by the HNS Convention. As the reports act, among other things, as a trigger mechanism for the entry into force of the Convention, the omission of States to file them has effectively prevented the Convention from becoming operative. The draft Protocol, which was developed initially by a focus group established by the 1992 IOPC Fund Assembly, is set to address this problem, as well as others thought to be acting as barriers to ratification of the Convention.
The IMO Legal Committee has now requested the IMO Council, which meets in June 2009, to approve the holding of a diplomatic conference as early as possible during 2010 to consider the draft Protocol, with a view to formally adopting it.
Key issues
It has been widely recognized that three issues have been instrumental in preventing States from ratifying the HNS Convention. The draft Protocol addresses each of them, as follows:
1. Problem: The difficulties in setting up the reporting system for packaged goods.
Solution: Packaged goods have been excluded from the definition of contributing cargo and, accordingly, receivers of these goods will not be liable for contributions to the HNS Fund. However, since incidents involving packaged goods will remain eligible for compensation, the shipowners' limits of liability for incidents involving packaged HNS will be increased. The precise level of increase will be set at the Diplomatic Conference.
2. Problem: Under the 1996 HNS Convention, the person liable for LNG contributions is the person who held title to an LNG cargo immediately prior to its discharge. In the case of other accounts, the person liable is the receiver. While the receiver must be subject to the jurisdiction of a State Party, the titleholder need not be. It would, therefore, have been impossible to enforce payment of contributions to the LNG account by titleholders in non-State Parties.
Solution: Under the draft Protocol the receiver, as defined in Article 1.4 of the Convention, will be liable for annual contributions to the LNG account, except in the limited situation where the titleholder pays them, following an agreement to this effect with the receiver and the receiver has informed the State Party that such an agreement exists.
3. Problem: Despite an obligation to do so, very few States, when ratifying the HNS Convention, have submitted reports on contributing cargo. This omission has been a contributing factor to the Convention not entering into force.
In addition, there has been a growing awareness of the desirability of preventing the invidious situation which has occurred in the IOPC Funds, where non-submission of reports results in non-payment of contributions but not in withholding of compensation.
Solution: The draft Protocol deals with this in three ways.
* In order to ratify the draft Protocol, States will be required to submit reports on contributing cargo - IMO, as Depositary, will not accept any ratifications which are not accompanied by such reports. States will also be obliged to continue to submit reports annually thereafter until the Protocol enters into force.
* Should a State fail to submit reports annually, after depositing its instrument of ratification, but prior to entry into force of the Protocol, it will be temporarily suspended from being a Contracting State. The Protocol will, therefore, not enter into force for any State which is in arrears with reports.
* Once the Protocol has entered into force for a State, compensation will be withheld, temporarily or permanently, in respect of that State, if it is in arrears with reports, except in the case of claims for personal injury and death.

Source: IMO


Revize MARPOL Ek VI, ve NOx Teknik Kodu 1 Temmuz 2010 tarihinde yürürlüğe girecek.

 Uluslararası Denizcilik Örgütü(IMO) Deniz Çevresini Koruma Komisyonunun (MEPC58) toplantısında MARPOL Ek VI, ve NOx Teknik Kodu U.S.A nin de onaylaması ile yeterli çogunlukta kabul edilmiştir.Ancak daha önce teklif edilen değişikliklerin yürürlüğe giriş tarihi Japonların ve Türkiyenin de bulunduğu devletlerin ısrarı ile azaltılmış kükürt emisyonlarının uygulanması 1 Mart 2010 tarihinden 1 Temmuz 2010 tarihine çekilmiştir.Küresel uygulamada halen Gemilerden kükürt emisyonu %4.5 iken 1 Ocak 2012 tarihinden itibaren 3.5% Olacaktır; ve zamanla yakıttaki kükürt (SOx) emisyonları azaltılarak 1 ocak 2020 tarihinden itibaren %0.5 düşürülecektir.

ECA Emisyon kontrol alanlarında ise 1 Temmuz 2010 tarihinden itibaren halihazırda uygulanmakta olan %1.5 kükürt oranı %1.0 olacaktır.;ve 1 Ocak 2015 tarihinden itibaren %0.10 kadar düşürülecektir.

Yeni makinelerde donatıldığı tarihe bağlı olarak Nox emisyon standartları değişmektedir

1 Ocak 2016 dan sonra gemilere donatılan gemi makineleri ECA bölgesinde çalıştıgında daha sıkı önlemler getirilmektedir.

Ayrıca Egsoz gas temizleme sistemleri ve VOC planlarının geliştirilmesi için öneriler kabul edilmiştir.

 Haberin girildiği tarih 15/10/200811:23

Gemi Geri Dönüşüm Sözleşmesi

Gemilerin Geri Dönüşüm Sözleşmesinin taslak metni hazırlanmış ve gelecek toplantıda kabul edilmek üzere dağıtılmıştır.Toplantı 11-15 Mayıs 2009 tarihinde Hong Kong da yapılacaktır.Draftın gelecek toplantıda kabul edilmesi bekleniyor.

Yeni Konvansiyon gemilerin dizayn ,yapımı,işletilmesi, güvenli ve çevre dostu olarak geri dönüşümünün yapılması için gereklere uygun olmalıdır.

Geri dönüşümü yapılacak geminin her bir gemi için zararlı madde envanteri çıkarılacak ;ayrıca konvansiyonda ek olarak bu tehlikeli maddelerin gemiye donatan listesi eklenecektir.

Geri dönüşüm için son sörveyle ilk sörveydeki zararlı madde envanteri birbirini tutmalıdır.

Gemi geri dönüşüm tersanelerinin her bir gemi için özelliklerine ve zararlı madde listesine bağlı olarak geri dönüşüm planları (SRP)olmalıdır.Sözleşmeye Taraf Devletlerden yasal uyarılara uyması için gerekli önlemleri alması istenir.

Ayrıca ILO/IMO/BC Çalışma grubu gemi sökümü ile ilgili olarak 29-31 Ekim tarihlerinde Cenova da toplanacaktır.

Gemilerden Sera gazı salınımı

 2007 yılında Uluslararası gemicilikten CO2 emisyonu 843 milyon ton  ya da başka bir ifade ile küresel CO2 emisyonlarının 2.7%sidir, bu miktar 2000 yılında %1.8 iken önlemlere rağmen artmıştır.Emisyonlar tahmin edilenden daha hızlı bir artış göstermektedir.

Balast suyunda zararlı sucul canlılar

MEPC; Gemi Balast suyu ve Sedimentlerinin Kontrolü ve uygulanması Uluslararası Konvansiyonu (BWM )için uygulamalara yardımcı olmak amacıyla Balast suyu Numune alma önerilerini ve Balast suyu işletme sistemi onayı revize önerilerini kabul etmiştir.Komisyon ayrıca acil durum balast suyu müdahaleye gerekli dökümanların düzenlenmesi ile ilgili önerileri kabul etmiştir.

Komisyon aktif madde kullanan iki tane BWM sistemini kabul etmiştir.

Halen 16 Devlet bu Sözleşmeyi onaylamıştır.Komisyon diger Devletlerinde bu Sözleşmeyi onaylamaları için acele etmelerini tavsiye etmektedir.

Haberin girildiği tarih18/107/200816:00

MSC 84.Toplantısında (7-16 Mayıs 2008)özetle aşağıdaki kararlar kabul edilmiştir:

-SOLAS II –2 Yolcu ve yük gemilerinde özel kategorideki mahallerin ve kapalı ro-ro mahallerinin yangınla mücadele suyunun drenajının dikkate alınması gerektiği,

-SOLAS II-1/3-9Gemiye inme-binme tertibatlarının(kedi köprüsü ve borda merdivenleri gibi) düzenlenmesi

-SOLAS Kural II-1/3-4 (Tankerlerde acil durum yedekleme düzenlemeleri) ile lgili kural 20 000DWT dan az olmayan tüm tankerlerin her iki bordasında acil durum düzenlemelerinin yeni öneri ile tankerden başka diger gemiler için de düzenlenmesi Istenmektedir:

SOLAS Bölüm XI Genişletilmiş Deniz Güvenliği Kısım I de deniz kazalarının ve olaylarının incelenmesi ile ilgili Koda yapılan değişiklikle ilgili yeni kural ilavesi

-SOLAS III/6, III/26 ve IV/7 de radar transponder yerine mevki bildiren arama ve kurtarma cihazları ifadesi ile değişecektir.

-Dökmecilerin ve petrol tankerlerinin sörveyi ile ilgili rehberde yapılan değişiklik

-IMDG Kodunda yapılan değişiklik

-Yüksek Süratli Tekneler Koduna Solas Bölüm III değişikliklerinin ilavesi

-Eğitim gemileri,araştırma gemileri,kablo gemileri gibi özel amaçlı gemiler için 2008 versiyonu ile SOLAS gereklerine uygun standartlar getirildi.

-ISM Kod degişiklikleri onaylandı

Haberin girildiği tarih 24/05/200823:40


1 Mayıs 2009 tarihinden itibaren Akdenizde özel boşaltım kriterleri uygulanacaktır.Akdenize kıyısı bulunan MEPC 172(57) kararıyla imzası olan Devletler boşaltım tesisleri olduğunu bildirmişler ve özel boşaltım kriterlerini uygulayacaklardır.(Türkiye dahil olmuştur.)

MEPC 172(57)

Uluslararası Denizcilik Örgütü (IMO);MEPC 31 mart-4 Nisan arasında 57. Oturumunda özetle aşagıdaki kararları almıştır:

SOx ve partiküler madde(PM) emisyonları:

Emisyon Kontrol alanlarında halen uygulanan kükürt emisyon değerleri %1.5(15.000) dan%1 (10.000ppm) çekilerek 1Mart 2010 dan itibaren uygulanmaya başlayacaktır

Küresel uygulamada halen%4.5(45.000ppm)olan oran%3 (30000ppm) düşürülecek ve 1 Ocak 2012 den itibaren uygulanacaktır.

Emisyon kontrol alanlarında bu oran 1 Ocak 2015 tarihinden sonra%0.10 (1000ppm) olacaktır.

Küresel uygulamada %0.5(5000ppm) yakıt standartı 1 Ocak 2020 den itibaren uygulanacak.Fizibilite 2018 yılından önce tamamlanacaktır.Olumsuz bir fizibilite sonucu çıkarsa 1 Ocak 2025 den itibaren uygulanacaktır.

Yeni makinelerde NOx kuralları:

Yeni makinelerde donatıldığı tarihe bağlı olarak Nox emisyon standartları değişmektedir.

I.Grup mevcut MARPOL Ek VI da 1 Ocak 2000 ile 1Ocak 2011 tarihleri arasında donatılan dizel makinelere uygulanan 17 g/kW standartı

2.grup:1 Ocak 2011 den sonra donatılan yeni gemilerde makinenin operasyon parametrelerine baglı olarak NOx emisyonları 14.4 g/kWh e azaltılacaktır.

3.grup standartın uygulanması 1 Ocak 2016 dan itibaren mümkün olabilecektir; ve NOx emisyonları 3.4 g/kWh e azaltılacaktır.

SECAs emisyon alanları da ECAs olacaktır.

MEPC,NOx Teknik kodu draft değişikliklerini onaylamıştır.


Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas;(Özel hassas deniz alanları ) mercan adalarında ekosistemin korunması amacıyla Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument, Hawaii adalarının kuzey batısındaki alan PPSA olarak tayin edilmiştir.


Akdenize  kıyısıolandevletler (Libya,Cezayir,Hırvatistan,GüneyKıbrıs,Mısır,Fransa,

Yunanistan,İtalya,Lübnan,Malta,Monoko,Motenegro,morocco,Slovenya,İspanya,Suriye ve Tunus) MARPOL Ek V geregi çöp alma tesislerinin mevcut oldugunu bildirmişlerdir. Özel alan kapsamında kıyısı olan devletler alma tesislerini yapmak zorundadır. MARPOL Ek V uyarınca belirlenen maddelerin denize atılması yasaktır.Bu kural 1Mayıs 2009 tarihinden itibaren uygulanacaktır.

Bakınız:Çöp yönetim planı

Haberin girildiği tarih:5.4.2008 01:32

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